BENGALURU: Here’s a quick heads-up for property owners and squatters: Real estate transactions will soon be less susceptible to fraud and encroachment will not be quite such a breeze. The authorities have prepared digitised Urban Property Ownership Record (UPOR) cards/certificates — the first legal ownership documents issued by the government to property holders — for 1,500 of 5,000 properties surveyed in a pilot project in Pattabhiramanagar ward. Officials said the project’s security features will effectively deter rip-offs in property transactions while preempting illegal occupation and unsanctioned construction. The government expects to distribute the cards in a year’s time, after it brings all 20 lakh properties in Bengaluru under the UPOR ambit. Unlike sale deeds and khatas — which are only ‘deemedto-be property ownership documents’ — UPOR cards will have exhaustive details of properties, including plot size, built-up area and number of floors, as also spatial information such as boundary point coordinates. It will also comprise particulars of property rights: ownership, mortgage and lease, encumbrances, easements (rights to cross someone else’s land for a given purpose), transaction history and land/ building sketches. While the card’s primary benefit is to streamline property transactions, the sketches will help prevent encroachment, officials said. Though the cards will not be generated for government properties, forest land or lake beds, if someone’s property does not have a UPOR card, it would mean that it is either an encroachment of government land or is on a lake bed, said Munish Moudgil, commissioner, survey, settlement and land records. “The project will ensure clarity in property transactions,” Moudgil said. “Should anyone have a dispute with the owner, UPOR records will help resolve the problem.” The UPOR project involves the digitisation of all land records through surveys of properties by drones. Officials will collect property documents from property owners to create a digital map of the city. Around 60 of the city’s 198 wards have been surveyed so far. The entire exercise will be completed in four months, Moudgil said. “We are working on cards for the remaining 20 lakh properties in the city,” he said. “The UPOR scheme can only be implemented effectively if the cards are given to a specific portion of Bengaluru or if we cover the entire city,” he said.